The year of car-free Streateries

mike eliason
6 min readMay 17, 2020

As our city starts to open back up, several issues are becoming quite apparent in our urban villages. In many, there is inadequate space on sidewalks to adequately social distance. There is also inadequate space to order and wait for food from restaurants for pick up. And given that restaurants will be extremely limited in the number of patrons that can dine in them, they will need to utilize the space in their parking lots or adjacent streets to allow dining with proper distancing measures.

This is an opportunity to prioritize businesses and pedestrians like none we’ve ever seen. We will need space so that our small businesses and restaurants can survive Coronavirus — and given that we may be over a year away from a vaccine — these changes could not only be long term, but the impetus needed to vastly improve livability in the densest parts of our city.

streateries on a traffic-calmed street in lisbon’s belem district. foto: mike eliason

But first, we should establish what a Streatery is. A Streatery is the utilization of parking space — or even part of a street — for an outdoor dining space. These are common in a lot of European cities at this point, and SDOT started piloting them a few years ago. You can read about SDOT’s program here.

wallingford zoning map, post-affordable housing rezones

Here in Wallingford, most of our restaurants and retail are focused on N 45th St. — it is the heart of the Urban Village, though the Stone Way core is giving it a run as well. N 45th St. is a 70’ ROW cutting east-west between the U-District, and Stone Way. The sidewalks of 45th are too narrow to social distance properly — in many parts they’re barely 6’ wide — and especially so with people queued up to patronize restaurants. The present configuration is roughly this diagram below, which doesn’t lend itself to prioritizing anything but driving.

existing N 45th St section

But there’s another, quieter, safer, more equitable possibility that would allow space to prioritize outdoor dining at these establishments, green mobility running east-west, and adequate social distancing. It also happens to be the only means of ensuring this arterial is quiet enough, and safe enough, for dining next to streets. Especially given the role that pollution — largely driven by cars — has in exacerbating corona virus. It will be critical to ensure that these Streateries on Steroids don’t have cars idling next to them.

N 4t5h St as a bus/bike street and ‘streatery on steroids’

This is what I am proposing: all thru-driving car traffic running east-west is eliminated, with the exception of local deliveries. The existing parking strips on either side become a zone for café space for restaurants and businesses, as well as little parklets for people who are just looking to gather outside, given the open space deficiency in this Urban Village. Adjacent to the ‘Streatery’ zones are 6’ bike lanes — this ensures there is adequate space for family bikers to travel to — and between — establishments . The middle two lanes become bus-only lanes to prioritize transit. There can still be adequate space for deliveries and yes, not everyone can bike or walk — so the city will need to find space for those that have handicap placards and mobility issues. There could be a means of ensuring the ends of the streets intersecting 45th are prioritized for ADA and food delivery drivers. Deliveries could also be done in these zones, or perhaps mid-block on 45th in the Streatery zone.

Landshut’s pedestrian zone w/ cafes galore, foto: mike eliason

I know what you are thinking — N 45th St is a major east-west arterial and the city will fall into disarray if cars can’t drive through. This is, frankly, untrue — as we have learned from previous street closures. We could take a note from cities like Ghent or Utrecht and divert cars to arterials around this zone. SDOT doesn’t even classify N 45th as a major arterial, and there is space on N 50th, N 40th, and N Pacific St. — especially with traffic numbers down as people work from home.

SDOT arterial classification, orange is a minor arterial

There will be other livability wins with this approach. It will allow the neighborhood to maintain the quiet streets that everyone admired during the early phases of the shutdown. Additionally, 2/3 of the residents that live around 45th from 99 to 1st Ave NE are renters — many of us don’t even have cars, even families with kids, like ours. With the MHA upzones passing last year — we will start to see more and more residents living on and around this street, which is currently zoned for 55’ and 75’ tall buildings. As it continues to add new residents (many of them car-free or car-light) — there will be an even greater need for both open space, as well as traffic calming measures. There is a massive open space deficiency in the Wallingford UV (and most others) — an outcome exacerbated by a century of poor urban planning. Most of our urban villages lack any retail depth off arterials — meaning that we won’t even be able to utilize off-arterial streets for these car-free zones and Streateries. Yes, it will be a challenge. But these are challenging times and we will need to have bold leadership on this. Hopefully the Mayor and SDOT, our council, and most importantly — our small businesses — are prepared for it.

Now, I know what you’re thinking. No, this isn’t extremist, it isn’t even anti-car — it is PRO CITY. This is going to rapidly become the de facto norm in cities around the world. Vilnius is converting most of it’s core to a car-free open air café. London’s (Labour Party) Mayor Sadiq Khan announced this week that large portions of the city would be closed to cars, stating, ‘If we want to make transport in London safe, and keep London globally competitive, then we have no choice but to rapidly repurpose London’s streets for people.’

In her West Seattle Town Hall this week, the Mayor said we can’t go back to the way things were. Cities around the world are moving in this direction. The longer we wait, the harder it will be to make these necessary and vital changes. We have open space deficiencies in our urban villages. We have inadequate space to social distance on our urban village sidewalks. I am looking at 45th, because it’s the closest to us. But we will need this in many, many neighborhoods. California Ave? Pike or Pine? Ballard Ave? The Ave? Probably! Let’s get ready — we could be in for one (of many) amazing summer. A greener, cleaner, safer, quieter world is possible!



mike eliason

dad | designer | writer | Noted shill for housing. interests: Baugruppen, architecture, passivhaus, mass timber, staedtebau, not for profit housing